Frankincense Essential Oil

CAD $14.50CAD $95.50

How to use frankincense essential oils:

  • Massage oil: 2.5-5% dilution 15-20 drops/ 30mL of carrier oil such as fractionated coconut, sunflower, etc.
  • Diffuser: 5-6 drops in water, though best diluted in tsp of vodka or isopropyl alcohol first as this is a gum and can plug diffusers.
  • Baths: add 2-12 drops into tsp of a carrier oil. Optionally mix with epsom or Dead Sea salt and add to bath water.
  • Lotion or Shampoo: add 15-20 drops /30 mLs of unscented base

Essential oils that blend well with frankincense:

  • Sandalwood
  • Pine
  • Lavender
  • Blood Orange
  • Mandarin
  • Bergamot
  • Camphor
  • Cinnamon

Varieties of frankincense:

Boswellia frereana: 

  • Country of origin: Somalia
  • Chemotype: Alpha-pinene 2-67%, high levels of para-cymene (5-20%) and sabinene (2-16%)
  • Yield: 2%
  • Odour quality: high

Boswellia sacra:

  • Country of origin: Oman
  • Chemotype: Alpha-pinene: up to 80% (also found in cannabis)
  • Yield: 9-10%
  • Odour quality: high

Boswellia serrata:

  • Country of origin: India
  • Chemotype: Alpha-thujene
  • Yield: 10% or more (most economical option)
  • Odour quality: low

Safety Information - please read before using (Click to expand)

Cautions: Frankincense oil has blood-thinning effects and can increase the risk of abnormal according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Do not take if using the following: anything with anti-coagulant effects, warfarin, heparin, ibuprofen, aspirin or ginkgo biloba. Anyone scheduled for a surgical or dental procedure should stop taking frankincense oil beforehand. Not recommended for pregnant women and nursing moms, as it may induce menstruation, which may be dangerous for an unborn fetus.

View Essential Oil FAQ, Contraindications, and other information HERE.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Why is the Boswellia sacra more expensive than Boswellia frereana?

A: Boswellia frereana may have a smaller yield, but this species is commonly found in Somalia, therefore there is no shortage of this type of frankincense. Although it has a higher yield, the Boswellia sacra is less commonly found, making this oil more rare.

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Description

Frankincense/Olibanum oil is distilled from incense tears, the hard little droplets from the small African trees. When steam distilled, the oil produced is “strongly diffusive, freshterpeney, almost green-lemon-like or reminiscent of green unripe apple peel.” The low notes tend to be sweet, woody and slightly balsamic.

Additional information

Weight 55 g
Dimensions 2.8 × 2.8 × 6.7 cm

Scientific Studies

  • Differentiating B. frereana-produced resins from B. carterii and B. sacra-produced resins – (describes the pharmacological specific details mainly on anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, anti-bacterial and apoptosis-regulating activities of individual triterpenoid together with the relevant mechanism)
  • Triterpenoid resinous metabolites from the genus Boswellia: pharmacological activities and potential species-identifying properties Yuxin Zhang1 Zhangchi Ning1 Cheng Lu2*, Siyu Zhao1 Jianfen Wang1 , Baoqin Liu3 Xuegong Xu3 and Yuanyan Liu1*
  • Boswellia frereana (frankincense) suppresses cytokine-induced matrix metalloproteinase expression and production of proinflammatory molecules in articular cartilage. Blain EJ1, Ali AY, Duance VC (The aim of this study was to assess the anti-inflammatory efficacy of Boswellia frereana extracts in vitro…)
  • de Rapper S, Van Vuuren SF, Kamatou GP, Viljoen AM, Dagne E. “The additive and synergistic antimicrobial effects of select frankincense and myrrh oils–a combination from the pharaonic pharmacopoeia.” Lett Appl Microbiol. 2012 Apr;54(4):352-8.
  • Frank MB, Yang Q, Osban J, Azzarello JT, Saban MR, Saban R, Ashley RA, Welter JC, Fung KM, Lin HK. “Frankincense oil derived from Boswellia carteri induces tumor cell specific cytotoxicity.” BMC Complement Altern Med. 2009 Mar 18;9:6.
  • Mikhaeil BR, Maatooq GT, Badria FA, Amer MM. “Chemistry and immunomodulatory activity of frankincense oil.” Z Naturforsch C. 2003 Mar-Apr;58(3-4):230-8.
  • Ni X, Suhail MM, Yang Q, Cao A, Fung KM, Postier RG, Woolley C, Young G, Zhang J, Lin HK. “Frankincense essential oil prepared from hydrodistillation of Boswellia sacra gum resins induces human pancreatic cancer cell death in cultures and in a xenograft murine model.” BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012 Dec 13;12:253.
  • Suhail MM, Wu W, Cao A, Mondalek FG, Fung KM, Shih PT, Fang YT, Woolley C, Young G, Lin HK. “Boswellia sacra essential oil induces tumor cell-specific apoptosis and suppresses tumor aggressiveness in cultured human breast cancer cells.” BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011 Dec 15;11:129.
  • Ammon, H. P. Boswellic acids in chronic inflammatory diseases. Planta Med 2006;72(12):1100-1116. 17024588
  • Kiela, P. R., Midura, A. J., Kuscuoglu, N., Jolad, S. D., Solyom, A. M., Besselsen, D. G., Timmermann, B. N., and Ghishan, F. K. Effects of Boswellia serrata in mouse models of chemically induced colitis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest.Liver Physiol 2005;288(4):G798-G808. 15539433
  • Gupta, I., Parihar, A., Malhotra, P., Singh, G. B., Ludtke, R., Safayhi, H., and Ammon, H. P. Effects of Boswellia serrata gum resin in patients with ulcerative colitis. Eur J Med Res 1997;2(1):37-43. 9049593
  • Hostanska, K., Daum, G., and Saller, R. Cytostatic and apoptosis-inducing activity of boswellic acids toward malignant cell lines in vitro. Anticancer Res 2002;22(5):2853-2862. 12530009
  • Liu, X. and Qi, Z. H. [Experimental study on Jurkat cell apoptosis induced by Boswellia carterii Birdw extractive]. Hunan Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 6-28-2000;25(3):241-244. 12212153
  • Zhao, W., Entschladen, F., Liu, H., Niggemann, B., Fang, Q., Zaenker, K. S., and Han, R. Boswellic acid acetate induces differentiation and apoptosis in highly metastatic melanoma and fibrosarcoma cells. Cancer Detect Prev 2003;27(1):67-75. 12600419
  • enon, M. K. and Kar, A. Analgesic and psychopharmacological effects of the gum resin of Boswellia serrata. Planta Med 1971;19(4):333-341. 5573545
  • Mothana, R. A. and Lindequist, U. Antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants of the island Soqotra. J Ethnopharmacol 1-4-2005;96(1-2):177-181. 15588668
  • Gayathri, B., Manjula, N., Vinaykumar, K. S., Lakshmi, B. S., and Balakrishnan, A. Pure compound from Boswellia serrata extract exhibits anti-inflammatory property in human PBMCs and mouse macrophages through inhibition of TNFalpha, IL-1beta, NO and MAP kinases. Int Immunopharmacol 2007;7(4):473-482. 17321470
  • Roy, S., Khanna, S., Krishnaraju, A. V., Subbaraju, G. V., Yasmin, T., Bagchi, D., and Sen, C. K. Regulation of vascular responses to inflammation: inducible matrix metalloproteinase-3 expression in human microvascular endothelial cells is sensitive to antiinflammatory Boswellia. Antioxid Redox Signal 2006;8(3-4):653-660. 16677108
  • Wildfeuer, A., Neu, I. S., Safayhi, H., Metzger, G., Wehrmann, M., Vogel, U., and Ammon, H. P. Effects of boswellic acids extracted from a herbal medicine on the biosynthesis of leukotrienes and the course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Arzneimittelforschung 1998;48(6):668-674. 9689425
  • Takada, Y., Ichikawa, H., Badmaev, V., and Aggarwal, B. B. Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid potentiates apoptosis, inhibits invasion, and abolishes osteoclastogenesis by suppressing NF-kappa B and NF-kappa B-regulated gene expression. J Immunol 3-1-2006;176(5):3127-3140. 16493072
  • Akihisa, T., Tabata, K., Banno, N., Tokuda, H., Nishimura, R., Nakamura, Y., Kimura, Y., Yasukawa, K., and Suzuki, T. Cancer chemopreventive effects and cytotoxic activities of the triterpene acids from the resin of Boswellia carteri. Biol Pharm Bull 2006;29(9):1976-1979. 16946522
  • Mikhaeil, B. R., Maatooq, G. T., Badria, F. A., and Amer, M. M. Chemistry and immunomodulatory activity of frankincense oil. Z Naturforsch [C] 2003;58(3-4):230-238. 12710734
  • Park, Y. S., Lee, J. H., Harwalkar, J. A., Bondar, J., Safayhi, H., and Golubic, M. Acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA) is cytotoxic for meningioma cells and inhibits phosphorylation of the extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1 and 2. Adv Exp Med Biol 2002;507:387-393. 12664615
  • Sharma, M. L., Bani, S., and Singh, G. B. Anti-arthritic activity of boswellic acids in bovine serum albumin (BSA)- induced arthritis. Int J Immunopharmacol 1989;11(6):647-652. 2807636
  • Singh GB, Singh S, and Bani S. Anti-inflammatory actions of boswellic acids. Phytomed 1996;3(1):81-85.
  • Roy, S., Khanna, S., Shah, H., Rink, C., Phillips, C., Preuss, H., Subbaraju, G. V., Trimurtulu, G., Krishnaraju, A. V., Bagchi, M., Bagchi, D., and Sen, C. K. Human genome screen to identify the genetic basis of the anti-inflammatory effects of Boswellia in microvascular endothelial cells. DNA Cell Biol 2005;24(4):244-255. 15812241
  • Xia, L., Chen, D., Han, R., Fang, Q., Waxman, S., and Jing, Y. Boswellic acid acetate induces apoptosis through caspase-mediated pathways in myeloid leukemia cells. Mol Cancer Ther 2005;4(3):381-388. 15767547
  • Safayhi H, Sailer ER, and Amnon HP. 5-lipoxygenase inhibition by acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA) by a novel mechanism. Phytomed 1996;3(1):71-72.
  • Badria, F. A., Mikhaeil, B. R., Maatooq, G. T., and Amer, M. M. Immunomodulatory triterpenoids from the oleogum resin of Boswellia carterii Birdwood. Z Naturforsch [C] 2003;58(7-8):505-516. 12939036
  • Kesava, Reddy G. and Dhar, S. C. Effect of a new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory lysosomal stability in adjuvant induced arthritis. Ital J Biochem 1987;36(4):205-217. 3429205
  • Singh GB, Singh S, and Bani S. Alcoholic extract of salai-guggal ex-Boswellia serrata, a new natural source NSAID. Drugs Today 1996;32(2):109-112

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